Audio/Dubbing Assistant

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Audio or Dubbing Assistants manage the preparation and maintenance of all audio suites. They assist in voice over recording and audio conforming. They locate the musical effects, for the editor and client and order them from libraries. They log and store tapes, record and file reports, and print out labels.

They also import relevant music files. They carry out general troubleshooting in audio suites. They work closely with both Picture and Sound Editors, and with Edit Assistants.

Some Post Production companies have their own audio dubbing facilities, but most rely on Audio Post Production Houses.

Know where to find effects, music and sourced material

Understand the workings of voice over recording studios.

Be aware of industry standard labelling

Be familiar with audio and dubbing systems

Be able to solve any basic technical problems

Understand the operation of edit suites

Understand different industry formats and technical specifications

Understand the process of digitizing media, making copies and moving media

Have advanced IT skills

Have effective team working skills

Have excellent communication skills

Have a high level of organizational skills

Have good attention to detail

Be able to use your initiative

Have good problem-solving skills

Be diplomatic and sensitive when working with clients

Understand the relevant health and safety laws and procedures

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Video Tape Operator

Good evening everyone, today I am coming to talk to you about Video Tape Operator according to Creative skillset.

VT Operators are sometimes called CAR Operators, Technical Runners or Tape Operators. They work in and manage the machine room and operate tape recording equipment. They make sure that the contents of tapes meet the correct technical specifications. They prepare VT machines for use by clients and Editors. They may also have to set up Avid and other editing equipment.

They make tape copies in different formats, labelling them label tapes accurately. Every frame of each project has to be labelled, using roll numbers and time-codes according to industry practice.

VT operators move media and machines around the building. They auto conform media, and may digitize media for use on Avid and other equipment. They are responsible for quality control of output media, and for quality assessment reports. They deal with conversions, digitization, transfers, and duplication of video and audio materials. They operate, patch and un-patch equipment. They manage equipment and identify faults.

Larger facilities of 50 or more staff employ a number of VT Operators, with varying degrees of experience. In smaller companies, the VT department also manages the Library system and database. In some cases, Edit Assistants’ and VT Operators’ roles may be combined.

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Dialogue Editor

Good evening everyone, today I am coming to talk to you about ADR Editor / Dialogue Editor  according to Creative skillset.

The ADR Editor and the Dialogue Editor are usually two different technicians on big budget films. On some very big films, there may even be one ADR and one Dialogue Editor for every reel of the film. On medium to low budget films, these two roles are usually carried out by the same person.

Dialogue Editors start work on a film well into the picture editing process. They attend a spotting session with the other Sound Editors to discuss and note all sound issues. All the lines of dialogue are carefully scrutinized for problems. These might be technical, such as the sound of traffic over an actor’s line, or performance-related. In some cases, an actor might mispronounce a word or be inconsistent with an accent.

ADR/Dialogue Editors review the original sound files to check whether these problem sections can be replaced. Using an editing software program, ADR/Dialogue Editors cut between a number of takes (sometimes even using different syllables from each take) to create clean, crisp lines of dialogue. If this is not possible, Automated Dialogue Replacement is used.

During ADR sessions, actors watch themselves on screen, and re-voice as accurately as possible. They have to make sure that their lines are synchronized with the pictures (lip-sync), and that their performance matches the original. Actors may also have to record new lines for off-camera dialogue to help make difficult scenes work. During ADR sessions, ADR/Dialogue Editors have to make quick, accurate decisions about whether the performance is good enough.

These sessions are extremely expensive and difficult to co-ordinate because of actors’ limited availability. Sometimes these are done remotely. However, for large amounts of dialogue re-recording, experienced ADR Mixers are hired to work closely with the actor(s) in situ.

After the newly recorded ADR has been edited into the original dialogue track, ADR/Dialogue Editors work on the background or ambient sound. They have to match this up using frames or fractions of frames from other sound takes. During the Pre-Mix (the first dubbing session), all the dialogue and ADR is smoothed out (cross faded), and any mistakes are corrected. This is usually the end of most ADR/Dialogue Editors’ work, although on big budget films, they may be involved until after the Final Mix.

ADR/Dialogue Editors may be freelance, or they may be employed by an Audio Post Production House. They work long hours.

You will need a degree in Arts, Music, Electronics, Math’s, or Sound Technology. You will also benefit from a postgraduate qualification in music. You can also take HND qualifications.

If you are considering taking a film production course in higher education, the following courses have been rigorously assessed by the film industry and awarded the Creative Skillset Tick for the high standard of education they provide and the degree to which they prepare you for a career in film:

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Broadcast Engineer

Good evening everyone, today I am coming to talk to you about Broadcast Engineer according to Creative skill set.

A Broadcast Engineer works to provide picture and sound coverage of an event, either on location or in a studio. Typically, this work can include sports, music or news programs. A Broadcast Engineer will be responsible for setting up the equipment needed for transmission, as well as monitoring during production. In some circumstances, Broadcast Engineers will also be required to edit the footage on the fly, switching between cameras and adding on-screen graphics.

If on location, they would work from within an outside broadcast truck, giving them the same equipment they’d find in a television studio.

Setting up the broadcast systems and making sure they are transmitting correctly via the web, satellite or other link-up

Operating and maintaining the outside broadcast truck when on location

Operating, maintaining and managing studio equipment when in the studio

Operating camera, sound and lighting equipment where necessary

For this role, you will need to:

Understand radio and satellite transmission systems, how they operate and how to troubleshoot them in the field

Be comfortable in monitoring both sound and vision, ensuring that everything recorded is perfect for transmission

Have a location awareness that allows you to adapt your plans and practices when in new locations, sometimes around the world

Have great communication skills

Carry yourself in a professional manner

Be able to prepare yourself for any possible problem

Have excellent timekeeping, especially for news and sports broadcasts

Due to the specialized nature of Broadcast Engineering, a degree or qualification in the field will show you have the technical mind and knowledge of equipment to excel. Science and engineering qualifications are also looked upon favorably, as are Broadcast Engineering apprenticeships.

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Apprentice Lighting Technician

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What does an Apprentice Lighting Technician do?

The Apprentice Lighting Technician is also known as Apprentice or Trainee Lighting Electrician/Technician/Operator, Lighting Assistant or Trainee Lighting Apprentices. An apprentice or trainee is learning to become a fully qualified technician and must become familiar with all the lighting equipment, how it works, and how it is used and maintained.

Apprentices are taken on by specialist lighting companies and are generally moved from one section or department of the company to another, getting to know electrical maintenance, batteries, electronics and dimmers, as well as the electrical installation of the building. Their work involves tasks like testing machines and faultfinding; cleaning, repairing, and maintaining equipment; fixing distribution boards and boxes, and lights; and wiring dimmers and circuit boards.

They work under the close supervision of fully qualified technicians for the first two years of their apprenticeships. Each department of a lighting company has its own Head who helps to train the apprentices. An apprenticeship usually takes three years to complete. This involves four days per week working in a lighting company, and one day per week on day release attending a college course.

Apprentices must be aware of Health and Safety implications. They must take responsibility for themselves, and act responsibly towards other members of the team. Apprentices can expect to be making calculations at “A” level standard by the time they reach the end of their training.

Will I need a qualification?

You will need at least a Level 2 qualification in English, Math and IT, for example a Grade C in GCSE. You will need to do further training to keep up to date with new equipment and changing regulations as you go forward in your career. It is useful to obtain a driving license as soon as possible – eventually an LGV or HGV license may also be required.

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Television anchor

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What is a News Anchor?

A news anchor is a journalist who educates others to the issues that continuously change and shape the world, whether locally, nationally or internationally. The news anchor delivers the day’s events on a news program, and may comment or provide professional insight on complicated issues that are reported. Sources that are analyzed for commentary or reporting are gleaned from many different media sources, including print and internet agencies.

What does a News Anchor do?

A news anchor is responsible for interpreting happenings locally, nationally, and internationally for a wide audience. This entails keeping at the forefront of news that has an impact on the viewing audience. Commentary is often provided to help people understand how the news affects their daily lives. Millions of people get their news from the daily evening or late-night report, and come to trust and favor a particular news anchor. Successful news anchors have many followers, and are still remembered years later for covering specific events in history. While the evening news is not the only mode of broadcasting, it is perhaps the most watched and most dependable form. There are also local news programs, 24-hours news channels, and even online news programs, and they are all excellent options for someone looking to become a news anchor.

News anchors can also conduct interviews with people who impact media happenings from around the world. Interviews help to open a discussion or clarify issues that influence the news or media happenings. An interview can help broaden the audience’s understanding of a particular issue or begin a discourse on an issue important to the audience. Important skills necessary for a news anchor when interviewing others is the ability to put people at ease, and remembering to be unbiased.

A news anchor may be responsible for writing his or her own news copy, operating the control board, and conducting investigative journalism. Larger stations have separate newscasters for each section of the news, and personnel are made available to assist in researching and writing news stories.

What is the workplace of a News Anchor like?

The workload for a news anchor can be demanding. The day may begin very early, depending on the shift assigned. Once at work, the anchor will begin by reviewing the events of the last 24 hours, and then decide what and what not to cover. A large portion of the workday is devoted to reading news articles and searching out items of interest to the viewing or listening audience.

Interviews must be prepared for and may involve reading the works of the person to be interviewed. In some cases, the news anchor may be responsible for contacting the people to be interviewed. Once the subject matters have been decided, the news anchor will work with the writers to create a transcript for the broadcast. After hair and makeup, the anchor delivers the broadcast, working in front of the camera anywhere from a half hour to several hours in a row. News anchors most often work from a television studio or radio studio, but may also present the news from remote locations in the field related to a particular major news event.

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Movie Director

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What is a Film Director?

A film director is in charge of making sure that every component of a movie runs smoothly. Generally, these directors work on a movie from its conception stage to its delivery stage. They have a say in how the scenes unfold, what props are going to be used, how the characters should look, and who should play specific parts. Directors also work with individuals in charge of lighting, scenery, writing, and so forth, to make sure that all the elements come together. The director oversees the three main phases, which are pre-production, production and post-production. Generally, he or she does not actually do the work for post-production, but is in charge of overseeing it.

Note the difference between a film director and a producer: A film director controls a film’s artistic and dramatic aspects, and visualizes the script while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfillment of that vision. The producer initiates, coordinates, supervises and controls matters such as raising funding, hiring key personnel, and arranging for distributors.

What does a Film Director do?

In addition to having control over nearly every aspect of the movie, film directors also have a large role in technical aspects. They read over the script to make sure that it makes sense, and they decide where the actors are going to stand and how they will move. Directors also help the actors to truly understand the characters. They might explain the characters’ motivation for a particular action or their back-story. One of the goals of a director is to push the actors to do their best work.

Once the editing team gets to work, the film director has the final say as to how the shots look and how they should be blended together. The movie director can also decide that the crew needs to do another take of a particular scene or scenes. They also decide when one scene should fade into the next.

A film director also has the responsibility of handling most of the budgetary concerns of a film. He or she will have to figure out how to make the movie work on the allowable budget. This might involve hiring actors who will work for lower pay, asking family members or friends to help with some of the behind-the-scenes work, or coming up with less expensive strategies for executing an idea.

What is the workplace of a Film Director like?

There is often a lot of pressure in the work environment of a film director. Film directors need to make most of the decisions; therefore, the success of the movie depends on them. Furthermore, while film directors are working on a movie, they also need to be looking for their next movie. Many film directors have to hop from one job to the next.

The entire production process of a film can take over a year. When the movie is in the production phase, the director is very busy. When the movie is in post-production and the director just has to oversee things, there may be a bit more spare time.

When on a job, a film director’s schedule can vary considerably. For example, he or she might work for ten hours on Monday and then an entirely different set of hours on Tuesday. It is not rare for a film director to work on weekends, evenings and holidays.

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Television Producer

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A television producer is a person who oversees all aspects of video production on a television program. Some producers take more of an executive role, in that they conceive new programs and pitch them to the television networks, but upon acceptance they focus on business matters, such as budgets and contracts.

 Career Overview

As a television producer, you’ll oversee planning shows, news segments, documentaries, or episodes to air on television. You’ll be responsible for gathering all of the important components needed to produce a program, including research materials, scripts, and props. You’ll also help cast the main actors and hire other production members for your show. You must closely supervise your crew to ensure that production runs as efficiently as possible and stays within a set budget.

To be a television producer, you must be well-organized, be able to think quickly, and possess creativity. You’ll often work long, unpredictable hours in a high-stress environment. You also must have excellent managerial and business skills to devise ways to fund their programs. You should express confidence when making important decisions regarding the direction of a TV show.

 Important Facts About Producers

Key Skills – Communication, time-management, leadership

Work Environment – Constant time pressure

On-The-Job Training – Many start out as theatrical managers

Similar Careers – Film & video editors, art directors, multimedia artists

 Educational Requirements

If you’re looking to enter television production, educational requirements in this field can vary. Many television producers hold a bachelor’s degree and major in fields like television and film production, television broadcasting, and business. Some producers pursue a graduate degree in production or business, although this generally isn’t a requirement for entering the TV business.

 Occupational Outlook

If you want to start a career as a television producer, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS, reported that jobs were extremely competitive. You first might want to gain an internship or entry-level position as a production assistant. This lower-level position can teach you many of the skills required to produce a TV program and can lead to more advanced job opportunities.

The BLS stated that jobs in producing and directing were predicted to rise nine percent from 2014-2024. According to in September 2015, most television broadcasting producers made between $35,859 – $133,567 per year. The BLS estimated in May 2014 the median annual salary earned by producers and directors to be $69,100.

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Good afternoon one all, today I am coming to talk to you about screenwriting according to Creative Skill Set

The lowdown

  • Researching and developing story ideas
  • Writing screenplays

Is this role right for me?

To do this role, you will need to:

  • Have an in-depth understanding of story, plot and narrative
  • Understand the different ways that films affect audiences
  • Be familiar with current formats for presenting screenplays
  • Be able to demonstrate creative imagination
  • Be able to bring to life the individuality of characters
  • Be able to write visually, using sound and dialogue to support action
  • Be dedicated and well organized
  • Be able to work as part of a team
  • Be able to work to strict deadlines
  • Be able to handle frequent rejection
  • Be ambitious
  • Be realistic

What does a Screenwriter do?

Screenwriters create screenplays for films. They provide the blueprint for the creative input of the ProducerDirectorProduction Designer, Composer and Editor, cast and crew.

Screenplays should allow whoever is reading it to imagine how the film will work on screen. It should feature fascinating characters, an exciting plot, and a great idea for a marketable film. It should also fit in with basic principles of dramatic construction, and fit the format and style expected in the industry.

Screenwriters must produce highly creative writing, to strict deadlines. They work with a script development team to create a finished product that is likely to be financed and made. Sometimes producers bring in an additional Screenwriter to improve certain aspects of the screenplay. In this case, the Screenwriter may share a credit with the original Screenwriter. Or they may be credited for Additional Dialogue, or as a Story Consultant.

In some cases, the original Screenwriter may be replaced entirely by another Screenwriter. In this case the original Screenwriter may then receive a “Screen story by…” credit on the finished film.

Screenwriters are almost always freelancers. They either pitch original ideas to Producers in the hope that they will be optioned or sold. Or they are commissioned by a Producer to create a screenplay from a concept, true story, existing screen work or a novel, poem, play, comic book or short story.

Many more screenplays are commissioned than films are made. Only a few top UK Screenwriters make enough money to sustain themselves entirely through writing screenplays.


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Sound Engineer

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What exactly is a sound engineer?  Do they play an important role in the music industry? If you have ever been at a concert where you were blown away by the clarity and overall quality of the music you heard, chances are that there was a very talented engineer controlling the sound you heard.

What Is a Sound Engineer?

Sound engineers or audio engineers work on the technical aspects of sound and music production by mixing, reproducing and manipulating the equalization and electronic effects of sound.

Sound engineers don’t have to work strictly in music. Some engineers end up designing and controlling the sound at conferences, in theaters, and in any other venue that requires sound projection for an audience. By controlling microphones, sound levels, and outputs, sound engineers combine their well-trained ears with their knowledge of acoustics to produce the best quality of sound for a variety of purpose. Some venues that hire sound engineers include:

  • film
  • radio
  • television
  • musical recordings
  • computer games
  • live music concerts
  • theatre
  • sports games
  • corporate events

Different Types of Sound Engineers

Many people think of the sound engineer as the person who stands behind the big mixing desk at a show and mixes the sound the audience hears. This is also known as mixing the “front of house” sound. But this is only one aspect of sound engineering.

In fact, though, there are 4 distinct steps to commercial production of a recording including recording, editing, mixing, and mastering.

As a result, there are other types of sound engineers with roles and specializations. Keep in mind, however, that it is common for all of these roles to be taken on by one sound person at smaller events and shows as having a whole team of engineers is a luxury usually reserved for large, well-funded tours.

Some of the other roles and titles common to audio engineers include:

  • Monitor sound engineers. This type of engineer takes care of the sound the band hears on their monitors on stage. If you’re ever heard a band say, “can you turn down my guitar a little bit” or something similar, they are talking to the monitor sound engineer.
  • Systems engineers. They take care of setting up amps, complex PA systems, speakers and such for the band and the other sound engineers.
  • Studio sound engineers. They work in a recording studio to make high quality recordings of music, speech and sound effects.
  • Research and development audio engineers. They work to invent new technologies, equipment and techniques, to enhance the process and art of audio engineering.
  • Wireless microphone engineers. They are responsible for wireless microphones during a theatre production, a sports event or a corporate event.
  • Game audio designer engineers. They deal with sound for video and computer game development.